By Yuhong Du, Zhijun Sun
This booklet covers study at the financing of obligatory schooling in rural China and offers a hugely informative learn for readers who're attracted to the difficulty of financing obligatory schooling in terrible parts. Basing on information gathered from box reviews in 12 counties in four provinces round China, this booklet offers the present prestige of a brand new mechanism introduced by means of the chinese language govt in 2005 order to make sure investment for obligatory schooling within the really bad rural parts. This mechanism is conceived as a milestone in chinese language obligatory schooling background, marking the institution of a central authority sponsoring version for obligatory schooling in rural China. via comparative research, the learn unearths that the recent mechanism not just lightens peasant households’ monetary burden for having their childrens receiving obligatory schooling, but in addition breaks the bottleneck of limiting investment for rural obligatory schooling. The study then additionally identifies the problems and demanding situations for destiny improvement.
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The proportion for rural junior secondary schools increased from 26 % in 2003 to 28 % in 2006. 3). 3. Certain Differences of Per-Student Non-personnel Expenditures for Rural Compulsory Education The growth in the amount and proportion of non-personnel expenditures of regular expenditures for rural primary and junior secondary school shows that physical facilities of rural primary and junior secondary schools are being improved. However, due to the different ﬁnancial abilities of local governments, there is still a difference in non-personnel expenditure standards for rural compulsory education among provinces (see Fig.
Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the concept of non-personnel expenditures before we study the approaches to non-personnel expenditure standards. Recent policies and regulations have provided the deﬁnition and scope of non-personnel expenditures. In 1997, the Ministry of Finance promulgated the Financial System for Primary and Junior Secondary School, which deﬁned that non-personnel expenditures, according to functions and accounting purposes, refer to expenses for teaching activities, line of duty, equipment, repair and maintenance, and others, which are necessaries for a school’s regular operation.
2 Transformation in Compulsory Education Financing System in China 7 mechanism should be established. In China, since the Reform and Opening Up policy, reforms in the ﬁscal system have been deepened gradually. The compulsory education ﬁnance system was also reformed after ﬁscal system reforms. The responsibility of investment for compulsory education at all levels of government has been more clearly stated. Also, compulsory education has been incorporated into the scope of the public ﬁscal guarantee.